Gothic architectural styles are often found in medieval European cathedrals and churches. One of the most visible characteristics of this architecture is the sharp shape of the building on the exterior, the grand design, and the sharp arches on the interior. Not only in churches, this architecture has also developed into various other buildings such as palaces, government buildings, museums, conference halls, libraries, and so on. Until now, many buildings with Gothic architecture are still used, even becoming famous icons. What are the world's most famous Gothic buildings? Here is the list.
1. Chartres Cathedral, France
The cathedral, which was built in 1145, marks the pinnacle of Gothic art in France. The cathedral has a wide nave, adorned with magnificent statues, and Gothic windowpanes which are all still in extraordinary condition. In fact, the cathedral has barely changed since its completion and has undergone only minimal restoration.
2. Westminster Palace, England
The building which is often referred to as Big Ben was built in the 11th century. Initially, this building was intended as a residence for the kings and main nobles of the British empire at that time, but due to a major fire incident in 1834, this building was charred and destroyed. Finally, after that incident the building was rebuilt and designed in the Gothic style. Westminster Palace with its big clock is now known as a magnificent building with an exotic Gothic style that has become an icon of the city of London, as well as a government building or British parliament.
3. Salisbury Cathedral, England
This cathedral is the best example of Gothic architecture in England. The cathedral, which has the tallest steeple of a church building in England, was built between 1220 and 1258. It is also officially known as the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary or the Anglican Cathedral in Salisbury.
Not only is the architecture known for its splendor, Salisbury Cathedral is also famous for the world's oldest working clock and holds one of the 4 original copies of the Magna Carta (Great Charter) issued by King John of England in 1215.
4. Cologne Cathedral, Germany
Cologne Cathedral or also called the High Cathedral of Saints Peter and Mary is a famous monument of German Catholicism as well as Gothic architecture which is included in the World Heritage Site record. The cathedral attracts an average of 20,000 visitors per day and is Germany's most visited icon.
The construction of the Cologne Cathedral began in 1248 and was only completed in 1880 with a total span of around 600 years. This cathedral is the largest Gothic church in Northern Europe and has the second tallest tower after Ulm Minster.
5. Vienna City Hall, Austria
This imposing Gothic-style building was built around 1872-1883 and designed by the man who also designed Cologne Cathedral in Germany. Not surprisingly, this one building is also very thick with Gothic elements. This building stores a lot of important historical documents and pages of the city of Vienna and now functions as the Vienna city hall. Every year, this building is visited by many tourists who want to see the grandeur, elegance, and artistic elements of this building.
6. Leuven City Hall, Belgium
Finally, the most beautiful Gothic buildings in the world are located in the country of Belgium. The Lauven town hall building was built right in the city center, close to the main market, the Grote Market. This beautiful, majestic and artistic building was designed in the Brabantine Gothic style and was built in 1448-1468. However, the façade, which is decorated with 236 artistic statues, only began to be made in 1850. Even though it is old, this building is still standing strong and functioning today.
All Gothic buildings in the world that are famous for their splendor and artistic elements are still standing strong today and have become icons of their respective countries. When you visit one of these countries, don't forget to visit this famous Gothic building